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, ! III - - 15 2013 , 2013 94 (47+57) 1941-1945 (063) ...

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III - - 15 2013 , 2013 94 (47+57) 1941-1945 (063) 3(2)6220 60 60 , !: III - / . : - , 2013. 375 .

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.. , pae Xoooca - o e oo ac cop epee; o ac cepo cop.

Paoop o aacpoe, oce epec apo o opo poo o, - o paoop o poeax copeeo a, o ee oex, o ypoae e oacoc. Ocoae oo epe py oo, o yco eoea eoeo o opeo ay acy cy, a o opo poo o? p Xoooca cyecye ceac, e Xoooc e co epec opoc. eo, pac, aoa oy ocyc oo apoa.

Occee Xoooca ooo oo poo copeco oece, c c e co, poecca e, oope cea oo accooe eeapaeoe cpeee eoo apoa.

o pe opo poo o ac x oco y ooo ec oo epee - pe a. o o e poco yco opooo ca e, oa yo epeco a aooe. , epe oe apaco, eoeoea.

aacpoa oaec o ocax ecx cop cyae accox yc e epy oepe e o cy yx, a o oecoy aepe yo cex epee (e ce ep epe, o ce epe epa aa - . e), o acay apoa pecye, o opeoc yc...

, . , .

, ea opo oe ee epa, ep eo acca ap ycao cpae eey aypy. eaoeca ecpa oa epa peca ey p pyx ycexo, o, oeo ce, epa epa ec p oy. Papo epa epo poo oe ca ee yapo , oao cpo ye ce o, o opae oa e ap, a peae: epe, coac, oyc poe opo, ace e oap yap cy. ce co e o o e a a (o opa), oopy o aca c pe. O xoe cpee epecoo apoa ca o e pyo aae. o o ceyx oyeo:

(4 1943 ):

xoe ooop c a ec c oo opoeoc o eceo cepeo opoce. Ceac ey coo oe oop oe opo, oao oa e cae oop o o yo.

Ceac oop o aya epee, cpee epecoo apoa. oop o ao poco. Epe yy yoe, - a oop a e ae ap, - payeec, o e o yo ae popa: copeee epee, cpeee x - o ye ceao.

oco ac ec ae, o o aoe e 100 500, 1000 yoex p pyo. Cye coo epa o (a eo oex cyae eoeeco caoc) - coxpa cee opooc - eo o aao ac. o caa ecaa cpaa ae cop, oopa a e ye acaa. oe caa, oao, o eo cpac c o apyee aae yxe aey apoy. p o e aec aoo pea aey ypeey py, ae ye, aey xapaepy.[2] poopa eyapooo oeoo pyaa pepe ooe oaaeca, pecaee pyay, ycaaa a peceoa epee acc paeco. o cop eceoeoc, ocyecec oceoaeo cceaec cax pox acaax.

III - - oa cee ax-eecoo cpoc, a oo cyc, o Oeop, a o pa, c axoc o eo oao y 90 c eoe, o oe:

o ca, o, oa eee ox e, ece pooeyec opa o o, o caca paca ec e paco, a epe ae e c , oo peya eee.

ocy pa poec ocee coa o a acco cop, oa o aa oaa a cye:

opoc po epeca, opoc po eo eee pa e, a paea eoope pee ( o e oe ca c c ceee po e caoo) pee, oope yac... poy cee, o a a epa ce ee e ye ca.

Aceca oa a copypoaa ye 4 apo popa, oop ac ceyee:

oo pecae pac oe paao, a pecaee pac oe oo o, o ee epaca po, eaco o eo epocoea. Ceoaeo, o epe e oe pecaee pac[4].

oce 1938 oa acca oa ooe epee oca ca, pe opy ooo ece epee epa. opaoa opo, o pe oopx ca yoa cao; epece pep oepac papae, a e epece e apeca. a epee aoe oe pa o ap apo; caopoa axa epecoo yeca epeee epee o opaeo opeee paoa opeee aca. eo coaac peao poo acae, o pay o eoacoc epee aca oc ey ey a py a ce.

accoe peceoae epee epa o o, xo oo o eco eaoc, e e, oao, aoe cpaee c oo, pooo o pe o a oypoax eppopx. epoaao a oa a cxoa c o, oopa ocyecac yp epa: ce epe o poxo pecpa, x aca eo, o o oc ey ey, x cooa pacoo pya. eo 1941 oa, oao, aa papaaac a ooaeoo pee epecoo opoca Epoe. o ooaeoe peee oaao yoee cex epee, oopoe, coaco ypoa epa, aae 1939 oa oo o c o cec papaec o; poee o o opaoa cea oe ecao, oop oa Ao xa, aa oea 4-.

pae oaa o accox ycax epee ae pecae pyay ye eocpa a, oaaeo oe o coe ep, ocec oapyex coa. o opocy o Ocee pya acya oaa ecca, eoc c 1 a 1940. o 1 eap 1943 . oeao aep. O a, o oo oo aepe Oce a o epo pee o cpeeo 2500 c eoe, oo oo, o 500 c o o oee ooa. pecae oaaeca ooceo cy aex o oce x yoe.

o Epoe paea ceao coae py , cae epee a aaeoo ooaeoo papee opoca. eoope cpa- cae ep oap, apae epace cc, oope o opaoa eyoyx ex opay epee aep yoe epa. eco, o oy 1944 oa 400 c epee ep yepe Ocee. ec oaa o aya 110 c epee Py a. Ao xa, oopoy ep opy poeee o popa, oca, o peyae pooec o o yo oo epee, oopx 4 oa o yo yax cpee e. [4; 7] eye oo ca ce ye e pyx? oao oy yea o pyx? oe aac a cep x eoa. o poco o. ppa ax e. a x coo aa.

16- , . , 1942 .

27 . eep epee ec co. O ce oceee pe oeppyc opy epecoo opoca. Epee aa peceoa ce oe oe: eo aa, oa co a e opoa. Ceo o acpe yx epee, oope ac popac eo. O poaa e-o ocax a poya. eepo. oop, o epe oopye ocpeac, ae yo y aapa. Ec o paa ( e oe III - - coeac), o a, o oo ooo. Cpea, aoa e, eep o ycac;

y, o ye o. coo e aoc aa ce xpcaa, ae a pe o oca - Gott mit uns (C a o). Ec o ec, xopo e o o, ec o cop a ce o cooo. Cy y y ce a pe - co yee. o o epea , opeee a cep, ac y cox oo? ya a, oocc oeae peoepo, yeee oepe ee yap yaocx oo. ea peco o. A e ca o pe aac, opoc. cop oe pooac ey ee - opoy oaca x cex opeo o po, oo pax aoyo apae.

11 ayca. oce aepec a ae opoe oxo oy.

y o eepx cox ceo. epa e o, e cax. o, o epe copac aac, oaaoc cao, o , a apa a o. a epa e paccpeo ooo 5000 eoe. ac a opoo ec cap oo, o ooo oepa, oo ycoo oa, coeo ae opoe, - a pooac ey. o epee eo aac peo 3 aca ypa pooac o oe o. acoe pee! opoa eo poo op, a co oepe opeex, o 2 p. oeae aoo, oepe oa oaec - epe ap ayc a o pyoa, ceye - a x, a ecoo po. ooe oae, oopa, pa, aa. e cey oece oo ocax paa, e ypaoa eax pyoe. pyo oeae, ae a c a opo, ey cpeac ae e pyo, c co oa aopoa, aoee oeo. aepxy c oa c oo o peec ac oo. y eo eapo oo: e y eo oe apa aco, 5 ex epe acyyo apae, a coo oco apayeoe ao o oca o opoe epo ece.

poe oo, o ye, o pae epe, p. pyo c a opo. 4 oa, cox o ya, o eo aac oyca pa a c eax. o o eco aae.

pyo ocaaaec, opeee cxo, paeac y e - y, e - ac o ooy o py. Po, aoe c ea, epeca xopo. a ay c 2 paex o oca ecaoa, pyax coe. xo po, ayc a py, paac cpe. oeo. Cey!

e a, o oe ycoa eoe co oce yy, e xoy ya - oo co c ya. ae, oope pooa copoc, e xoe paeac, e xoe xo po. C a oa a ece cpaca y. o oa aoea, oa pcae ee ee; oepe ec ceye, eca ce xa. o o, pae ye ooa, paa ee, oea o o. ecao yxc, ce a . o o ye oea epo 200. oa oa, cooo peac, aa cpe. epe ecoo y eo cpaca y. e eoea, oop, apac e, ea xe. oa, ecee ae cee oo ea, oce ecox y pea a popec. oa x apa oo ope aoo, o o ep opa eoeec o ceyeo paa. ecaoa apac e ao - o e epo. O apaca x e ax paaa Poo, o e, a e oo aac o aopo eexc e - o a x e ecoao; o paccpea ecoee p e, cpoex a opo pa ee; o, aoe, e epe opoo yo cex ceaco, peaa pa o ooy peey cox ee oyac, aa eeco, oa ecace oaac paoa, poc, o x paccpe ece c ce.

O a py ey aoo, o ye eep, aoo a epeoe: a e c e, ey, e. Oa eccceo yaec, pya opae aoe a ooe... a e epe ec y yee y, coaee o? Copoec, aoe!!! e. aa aa, ooc, cope, a a ecye oooa, oo. e eoe, oope oaepa, ee eopy, oe paccpe.

19 ayca. Ceo e . cee e oy oa oea ox ycax, o oe eo, co. e a ce, o a e, oope cop a o epao co opaco. O e e oy. o, o aee o?! o! y e aa . ye e py? a oa ec pa peocxo e o cex ooex! Ecea eoa, c oopo o aaa o oa oe cpee, a po opao e pya, oop e oae coaaec c oo.

Oa a xopoa eoa xpapa. Oa exaa co, c opo oo ooo, o o oaca oy aa, 6 aco 35 y 19 ayca 1942 ., - yepe, o, ypa, oa e oyc oo.

III - - ., a, o e e ayy, , oe , oa-y ooy! o epa o, ocaa o cee pe ce ocoa. o o ea, p ay oay ay pyy. oce pe o Po!

x ey py o ecoo aooe e. o e, oopx a opeax. oa x yy paccpea, e a. Ceo ypo a poo eaa ya epea. Oa aac cacc - e ycopa co oe. Oa oaac a o, o oceac axoe ! oa y, p oocc cpe. o o! oe o peaae .? ao cyae e eep ye. e, ye - a oop oecee capy, oop - e eep o.

e oy cee peca . - paea, eo ocao xopo yoe pa, paea ye pyx ax e e. Yac, ao yac!

21 ayca. y ye oce, ooy yy opoo. epa paccpe cex epee, copax pe. e oo cy o oece x oo o oy, o oce ooa ey p e oy, o pae oy oy. a o , o cooecoaa 700-800 eoe. epa, a, oa . y epy, aycoa ee oe coa. Ceo o co oo ecoo oex cpeo.

31 ayca. oce oo a oce pa paccpea epee, x oa o eoe 600 coepa pe. Ceo aco 5 ypa aaoc. ax-ax! pa-a-a! ax! a - a! ca o ecpe6po a aca, oa e ye a paoy. Ec oce oo ceo o-y x ocaec peyae , o ye ooeoe yo. ey po, o pa, oopo a pae eo po paccpeo, oaac eocao, eep ee ee o, oopo po, o aoe o, aeoe eo e eee papee a peae a, ye paccpeo a ece.

xo a pey. opoa ee o ex ooo, oopx aoao oco epee. o eco pecae coo eep ay ey oa, ey ooy, o a e. Co ape , py paaac, yxy, peyae a oepxoc oaac o, py, oope oo pacacac o opecoc coaa. aax a ooepa pyo yac.

2 cep. Ee coe, a aoe! Paoopo a ee. Ceo o o ooeo eo. Ceac ooa ecoo. pe aca a copeo ooo 400 oo. Ceac ye e ocaoc, oay, eep. C caoo ypa paoae ecpepo oooa, oopa oae oy ooa. a o ceae oa oooa?

oo, coepe, ecoeo, epe, , o, oo oya, a ooa ceo caa cooecya. Ee epa copac eoa o coe ce eep p coepeo co ee, eep c ocoa. ope eo aao eoao, oo cxy ooco, oopa oxaa ce aoee ye a oco oa. o-oy, o pao opee, ooy o ooo oapa paopeac ca epecpea. o, o aea ee eo oa cpey. o o ooo 1 acy o. Cpea e paya ya, a a ye oee-eee eee ee o coepeo cooe.

eocpeceo oce oo - a ooe opoo - cxy oo, o ye ca. oa o cpe pocyc coa, eo o oo apeo, a yce y a. cpay o, e eo, ooa yxo o acy.

18 cep. eo pooaec opaoa pae. a c ea eyp epe py e, a e oee - o. o a apo! ao epo. x cpe, o, , o a x o e ecye. a, e axe ao, x e yepa ae pepa. eo pea y oaex ce, pee x xo eep e aco. ooa epa, coa o oapa paccpea 1200-1400 pye, eep co 200-250. o a p o ae ep. e y e ceo acpoe, ooy oa.

21 cep. e oe, e oopa eca, pooaec ee epee a e oe aepc. Ceo o c caoo ypa co copo p oocc cy aoaa pyee cpe. oop, pe ocaoc ooo 200 epee, ceaco-peeceo, oope aee pe yy epecee ecopey ac eo, oopa ye c o e oopoea. Opay e, a ocaoe - a y.

26 op. Ceo a opa paox poaa ayayp, . e. oe yx epee. ec , oope oy o oya! ae oo: oepe co. o o pe ceo e o pao a ape - ce co oepe[4] III - - O e ae oo, ae ee. o a a? e e e o. O ae e a oo o aoe . A o a pea, oopa ee oo oopoo, opoo, poco pacx, ax ec. opooy coae ox ee a pea aoac ea aac.

ea cepeap epaa . ayaepa Epycacoo (1943 .) 29 ape oyoao, e ya, opac apoa oa eo... oa 18 .

epo. oa paoae c 9 o 16 aco. Oyaec eoco ee epex pyax, aa o 1, 5-2 aca e. Co oe, o, ecop a ee yco , e c paoc ey oy, yac oxoo co ae. pa - copo ee c, a o co, eco pac py pyy. acce aoo ya, o o e eo coo oo.

3 op oa apa. Pee ac pacaca o aep, ac o cx op o po o eo. e papec o pa eca. Cape oa a paoy, a ae - o 10 o 13 e - ca cpec a paoy, o e cc aeop epyococox.

5 op Ca pa e ae epaoco eo: y ac oopa ee.

cy, e oo o cpac, o ca ee, , ec axo, o aca x, ox ocx, a oa. a o oa ee a ooc a py p a. O oc a aa, oope cyao oaac a yax o opax, cpe x o. a e ea ecace poe, pa yo, o x a oo. [4] O cocoo pec ea yoe aex aac cep o pya p ocoo eoea, cepx eecx ycox, ecooc oxpao eceoex aaax a aee pooc o eo coaey ypo cepoc cpe epee pyx aex. oe ec c yo pyox oepaox aepe e co ax ycox.[7]. eo :

epooeep, cae e, ap, yyee ye oa oyxa aep, xopc a, oeep paccpe, o, co . oy 1944 ., co yoo poyc o oypoao epae eppop o cao epa. Coece oca ep ye epca aco, oa o ocoo oce aep o 1944. apee 1945, pace oca ocoo epe-ece, oepao aep Ceepo epa. oo aex ocx aepe eoppoa o aep, oa ac ocya. oe ocooe c x a ep o cep.

Xoooc, a eaee pecyee epe eoeeco, a eaaea pae apoa a pace ypo yy ooe oe occe oece cex peecyx co, oope cea eo oo ooo eo oy. e xo aca o oe, oa pe cey ce aoacece acpoe. oooc o yaco, cpao, yoo, o o cco co oo pooa oe oe oo, o e o cc. Cc o, o e, ox o pe, ye e epy. ooy o cea c, o xoooc ocac poo, a yyee ooee ao o xoooce oo .

, , , . , , . , .

http://www.chtotakoe.info/articles/xolokost_42.html.- :11.05.2011.

2. Holocaust.ioso.ru - , http://holocaust.ioso.ru/documents/07doc.htm.- :07.05.2011.

3. _ [ ].-2009. http://callofzion.ru/pages.php?id=183.- :21.05.2011.

4. . . : : 19411945. ., 2003. 428 . 100 .

III - - 5. _ [ ].-2009. http://callofzion.ru/pages.php?id=181.- :21.05.2011.

6. // . 2009. . 22 (440).

7. [] / .. - .: .., 1995. - 294. - ( ).

8. . : / . . . .-.: , 1996.

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